Please don’t bang your head against a wall :)

Please don’t bang your head against a wall :)

3/10/17

Potential new students often ask me which tenses they need to know to be in a certain level. My answer is always the same “none in particular since our classes are based on communication and not on grammar.” That being said, there are certain tenses that I recommend working on in certain levels.

Indicative Mood
– Present tense – A1: expert knowledge
– Preterit tense – A1: beginner knowledge, A2/B1: intermediate knowledge; B2+ expert knowledge
– Imperfect tense: A1: beginner knowledge, A2/B1: intermediate knowledge; B2+ expert knowledge
– Future: A2: beginner knowledge; B1: intermediate knowledge; B2+ expert knowledge
Conditional: A2: beginner knowledge; B1: intermediate knowledge; B2+ expert knowledge
– Present Perfect: A1: beginner knowledge, A2: intermediate knowledge; B1+ expert knowledge
– Past Perfect: B1: beginner knowledge; B2: intermediate knowledge; B3+ expert knowledge
– Future Perfect: B1: beginner knowledge; B2: intermediate knowledge; B3+ expert knowledge
– Conditional Perfect: B1: beginner knowledge; B2: intermediate knowledge; B3+ expert knowledge

Subjunctive Mood
The Subjunctive is a mood that makes students want to bang their head against the wall. It doesn’t have to be 🙂 If you start to learn it early, you will already be using it without your knowledge before officially studying it later on. Start with some simple phrases that you could use ALL the time, like “Qué TENGAS un buen día/fin de semana” o “Espero que/quizás + subjunctive.”

– Present Subjunctive: B1/B2: beginner knowledge; B3/C1: intermediate knowledge; C2: expert knowledge
– Present Perfect: B1/B2: beginner knowledge; B3/C1: intermediate knowledge; C2: expert knowledge
– Past Subjunctive: B1/B2: beginner knowledge; B3/C1: intermediate knowledge; C2: expert knowledge
– Past Perfect Subjunctive: B1/B2: beginner knowledge; B3/C1: intermediate knowledge; C2: expert knowledge

Imperative Mood (the commands)
The Imperative Mood doesn’t have any tenses. It’s just 1 mood.
– A2: beginner knowledge; B1: intermediate knowledge; B2+ expert knowledge

So, to sum that all up, there is no particular tense that you need to know to be in any certain communication level, but this is a good guideline of when to start working on which tenses.
Please note that if you want to get past B2 or C1 (where many students get stuck) you do need to start using the more complicated tenses so that you are able to communicate precisely in deeper conversation.

Besitos,
Caro

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