Optional Homework: Week of 9/28 for week of 10/5/15

La tarea opcional de esta semana…es escribir 4 frases que tengan que ver con algo en nuestra vida, cada una usando un tiempo diferente del subjuntivo.

The optional homework this week….is to write 4 sentences that have to do with something in your life, each one using one of the 4 different subjunctive tenses.

 

The Present Subjunctive:

  • The Present Subjunctive is used to express present/simultaneous or future actions.
  • The Present Subjunctive is used in combination with present & future tenses.
  • Conjugations: Use the Present Tense Indicative “yo” form (tengo, como, quiero), drop the “o” and add: AR: -e, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en – ER / IR: – a, -as, -a, amos, -áis, -an

The Imperfect Subjunctive:

  • The Imperfect Subjunctive is used to express simultaneous or future actions.
  • The Imperfect Subjunctive is used in combination with past & conditional tenses.
  • To conjugate: Use the 3rd person plural of the preterit (AR: -aron – ER/IR: ieron – tuvieron, comieron, quisieron), drop the “ron” and add one of the following endings (there are 2 choices):
    • –ra, -ras, -ra, -ramos, -rais, -ran (more common)
    • –se, -ses, -se, -semos, -seis, -sen

The Present Perfect Subjunctive:

  • The Present Subjunctive is used to express past actions.
  • The Present Perfect Subjunctive is used in combination with present & future tenses.
  • Conjugations: Use the present subjunctive of haber (haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayáis, hayan) + the past participle (ado / ido).

The Past Perfect Subjunctive:

  • The Past Perfect Subjunctive is used to express past actions that happened before another past action, for conditional actions and for hypothetical actions.
  • The Past Perfect Subjunctive is used in combination with past & conditional tenses.
  • Conjugations: Use the Imperfect Subjunctive of haber (hubiera, hubieras, hubiera, hubiéramos, hubierais, hubieran) + the past participle (ado / ido).
    • There is also a 2nd set of endings: hubiese, hubieses, hubiese, hubiésemos, hubieseis, hubiesen.

  

Besos,

Caro

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